How to choose garden plants

garden plants
Copyright (c) 2012 Poppy Lynch

many factors come into play when choosing plants for a garden. Planting can be the answer to a specific need of landscaping, such as screening of an unsightly view, filling a shady corner, or prevention of erosion on a slope, or you can just plant for sensory pleasures garden supplies. The selection of garden plants depend on the size of the garden, climate and specific characteristics. Each plant must be adapted to the conditions of the garden, whether sunny or shady types, wet or dry, and the soil. Plants must also satisfy personal tastes. Here are some tips for choosing the right plants to enhance any garden space.

1. Start with a plan.

The first step in planning a garden is to put a pencil. Draw an outline of the area to be planted, the scale drawing. Add all the landscape elements, such as walls or fences, and existing plantations or trees.

Mark the position of the existing facilities and use a circle to show the amount of diffusion, allowing for future propagation. Designate the spread of the canopy of an existing tree tells you how much sun the garden receives. This is important because the plants vary greatly in the amount of sun or shade they can tolerate. Also note the changes in soil conditions, such as a swamp area, you will need to know when choosing plants based on tolerance to moisture.

As you identify the plants you want to add, mark the outline, showing again the position of the planting and propagation. Start with the biggest first plantations, and work to scale trees to shrubs and ground cover perennials to annuals and bulbs. Use a garden catalog for information on height, propagation and planting distances and the sun and moisture tolerance. This plan will help you decide how many plants can be added to the space without overcrowding, and will become a guide when shopping for your garden plants.

2. Consider the function of the plant.

The plants can serve many functions in a garden. They can act as a canopy to provide shade, a privacy screen or a divider to mark a space. Plants can also function as rugs, accents or fillers. Determine the functions to be served in your garden plan and select plant varieties that will achieve these goals.

3. Vary the plants for visual interest.

shape, texture of a plant, and color play an essential role in any garden design. Although the color of the flower of a plant may be its most obvious feature, remember that a flower is often an ephemeral thing in a garden. So consider the color and texture of the leaves and flowers. Using plants with different shapes, textures and colors, you add visual interest and definition of landscape.

4. Choose plants for interest all year.

In the interest throughout the year in the garden, choose plants that bloom in different seasons. In the interest of winter, include some evergreens, deciduous trees with strong silhouettes or peeling bark, or ornamental grasses that structure the garden.

5. Choose plants that suit your lifestyle.

Finally, the plants you choose should suit your lifestyle. If you do not have much time to spend in the garden, choosing low-maintenance varieties. If you have children or pets, choose plants that are not toxic if swallowed.

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